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Bed bug infestation has become a serious problem throughout the state of Maryland.  This is especially true for the residents of Baltimore, due to the city’s high concentration of apartment buildings and other multi-unit structures.  While infestations can affect all types of residential dwellings, apartments are exceptionally vulnerable because bed bugs can rapidly spread between units and tenants, breeding and multiplying as the population expands throughout the property.

This is a major health concern.  Bites often result in scarring, infections, and allergic reactions, to say nothing of property damage and emotional trauma.  Tenants of Baltimore apartments, including Section 8, or HUD properties, and other types of rental properties, are often stuck for weeks or months in an infested apartment while pest control treatments are delayed.  Oftentimes landlords refuse to provide treatment, or tell their tenants that renters are responsible for handling extermination.  However, Baltimore City has addressed responsibility for bed bug extermination in its local laws.

If you or a family member has been exposed to bed bugs, you should know your rights and responsibilities.  This informal guide to Baltimore’s building code can help point you in the right direction, but you should also consider consulting with an experienced apartment bed bug lawyer, such as the attorneys of Whitney, LLP.  We will protect your legal rights as a tenant, and can fight for compensation for any injuries or financial losses you experienced due to an infestation.  To set up a free, completely confidential case evaluation, call our law offices right away at (410) 583-8000.

My Apartment Has Bed Bugs, Is My Landlord Responsible for Treatment?

In the Baltimore City Code of Public Local Laws, there is an implied warranty that the premise (property) is fit for human habitation.  This warranty continues throughout the duration of the tenancy, and provides that the dwelling unit should not have any condition endangering the life, health and safety of the tenants that involve vermin or rodent infestation.  Stated more simply, bed bugs are one condition that should never be present in an apartment.

Unfortunately, landlords and property managers often attempt to evade taking financial responsibility for eradicating infestations – even when city code clearly indicates that they should.  By familiarizing yourself with local health and building codes, you can gain a clearer understanding of your rights as a renter.  Toward that end, we have compiled some of the relevant codes that set forth responsibility for exterminating bed bugs in Baltimore City.

Please note that these codes may have changed since we posted them, and we do not guarantee their accuracy.  Before relying on these codes, we recommend contacting an attorney.

  • IPMC §307.7 Pest Control – The interior of every building must be kept free of infestation by insects, rodents and other pests.
  • IPMC §308.4 Pest Control (Single Unit Building) – An occupant of a single-unit building is responsible for extermination if the occupant’s unit is the only one affected.
  • IPMC §308. 5 Pest Control (Multi-unit Building) – An occupant of a multi-unit building [e.g. an apartment building] is responsible for extermination if the occupant’s unit is the only one affected.

In other words, a Baltimore tenant is not responsible for pest extermination unless his or her unit is the only one that has bed bugs.  Talk to the other renters who live in your building.  If another tenant has also noticed bed bugs, whether in their apartment or elsewhere in or on the premises, the landlord may be responsible for the costs of providing treatment.  Once again, we strongly recommend discussing the details of your situation with an experienced attorney.

Who to Contact About Baltimore Bed Bug Infestations

If your home is infested with bed bugs, and the landlord is not taking action, make a report and call the Baltimore City Health Department by calling (410) 396-0176.

We also recommend calling a Housing Inspection Office to report bed bugs in your apartment or rental property.  The phone numbers and addresses for various Baltimore Housing Inspection Area Offices are listed in the table below:

DistrictDistrict NumberAddressPhone
Central100417 E. Fayette St. 21202(410) 396-4161
Southeast2003411 Bank Street, 21224(410) 545-6521
Eastern3003411 Bank Street, 21224(410) 545-6521
Northeast4005225 York Road 21212(410) 545-7550
Northern5005225 York Road, 21212(410) 545-7550
Northwest6003939 Reisterstown Road, 21215(410) 396-7736
Western7003939 Reisterstown Road, 21215(410) 396-7736
Southwest800501 Athol Ave 21229(410) 545-1851
Southern900501 Athol Ave 21229(410) 545-1851

If you or one of your loved ones suffered injuries or sickness after being exposed to bed bugs, or you believe your landlord is negligent in his or her handling of an infestation, you may be entitled to financial compensation for injuries, to cover your medical bills and lost wages, and restore the financial costs of replacing property.

For a free and confidential legal consultation with an experienced bed bug litigation attorney, call Whitney, LLP at (410) 583-8000.  While our law offices are located in Towson, we are prepared to handle cases arising throughout Baltimore City and the surrounding metropolitan area.